Paul Conrad (*1924), with his homogeneous colored pencil strokes and exceptional attention to detail, captured anger and agitation as Cold War tensions over the fate of East and West Germany and nuclear disarmament intensified. On 25 September 1961, in his speech to the United Nations Assembly, President John F. Kennedy opposed Soviet Prime Minister Nikita Khrushchev and asked him to join a `race for peace`. In the meantime, the two nations had resumed nuclear testing, as Conrad pointed out and refuted their commitment to disarmament. The three-time Pulitzer Prize winner spent 14 years at the Denver Post before becoming chief medical officer of the Los Angeles Times in 1964. Today, he continues to draw cartoons and make sculptures. In February 1963, four Soviet MiG fighter jets based in Cuba fired on a U.S. shrimp boat in international waters. Although the boat was not hit, the incident exacerbated tensions between the United States, Cuba and the Soviet Union. President John F.
Kennedy ordered retaliation for repetition. Art Woods depiction of Uncle Sam with painful wounds began the nation`s dismay. Wood drew this cartoon as chief cartoonist for the Pittsburgh Press from 1956 to 1965. Senator James G. Blaine was a very popular Republican politician in the nineteenth century. He might have been elected president if he hadn`t been constantly pursued by corruption charges. When Blaine returned from a long trip to Europe in 1888, he refused to run for president and instead supported Benjamin Harrison`s campaign. Blaine`s immense popularity, however, led cartoonist Thomas Nast (1840-1902) to call him the “un crowned king” of the Republican Party.
Nast defined American political caricature in the nineteenth century. While working for harper`s Weekly, he popularized American political symbols like the Republican elephant and the Democratic donkey. Art Wood, himself an award-winning political cartoonist, has collected more than 16,000 political cartoons by hundreds of the leading creators of “nonntlemanly art,” a phrase often used to describe this type of graphic satire. He used the word “illustration” to describe the immense talent and craftsmanship that infuses into a work of art that was produced to capture a moment in time. From the Golden Age of the nineteenth century to recent times, political illustrations have been published in magazines, editorial pages, opinion pages and even the front pages of American newspapers. These visual editorials reflect several points of view conveyed by a multitude of artistic approaches, including the classic techniques of the Harper`s Weekly cartoon Thomas Nast, the vibrant brushwork of Ding Darling, the rich pencil lines of Rube Goldberg and Bill Mauldin, and the picturesque styles of contemporary cartoonists Paul Conrad and Patrick Oliphant. The wide range of political perspectives shapes our understanding not only of the past, but also of the present. During World War I, The Frankish Colmar Von de Goltz, known in Turkey as “Goltz Pasha”, ruthlessly pursued German objectives against the British. However, he and his Ottoman allies did not resist the advance of Russian forces. Dutch cartoonist Louis Raemaekers (1869-1956) describes the Battle of Erzurum as a literal confrontation between Goltz and the Russian army….