The first thing we need to do to choose the right form of verb is to find the subject. We can do this by asking who or what does the activity in the sentence. Then we have to determine the number of the subject: is it singular (one) or plural (more than one). The next step is to get the verb approved – plural subjects adopt plural verbs (are, have, do, play, sing); The singular subjects take verbs in a singular form (is, a, done, plays, sings). In these constructs (called explective constructs), the subject follows the verb, but still determines the number of verbs. The verb-subject chord is usually quite simple in English. Check each general rules manual. However, for subjects that introduce the idea of quantity, some additional ground rules are needed. Here are a few that are useful for academic writing. 4. Is not a contraction of not and should only be used with a singular theme.
Don`t is a contraction of no and should only be used with a plural theme. The exception to this rule occurs in the case of the first person and the second person Pronouns I and you. For these pronouns, contraction should not be used. The example (9) is indeed surprising – there are obviously many scientists trying to find a cure for HIV, but the verb is always unique. The reason is that you are always followed by a single name (a scientist) and the verb corresponds to that unique name. For example, diabetes affects many people around the world. The exception is the verb that has more forms than other verbs: sometimes the names take strange forms and can deceive us to think that they are plural if they are truly singular and vice versa. You`ll find more help in the section on plural forms of nouns and in the section on collective nouns.
Words such as glasses, pants, pliers and scissors are considered plural (and require plural verbs), unless they are followed by the pair of sentences (in this case, the pair of words becomes subject). As a phrase like “Neither my brothers nor my father will sell the house” seems strange, it is probably a good idea to bring the plural subject closer to the verb whenever possible. Note that Lee Airton uses them as a reference. Therefore, if the subject of the sentence was not the noun lee Airton correct, but the singular pronoun you, then the corresponding verb would have no “s” end: Airton offers. They`re offering. Use a singular verb with a singular name or clause: don`t be confused by the word “student”; the subject is everyone and everyone is always singular Everyone is responsible. Note: The word dollar is a special case. When we talk about a money supply, we need a singular verb, but if we refer to the dollars themselves, a plural verb is necessary.
This sentence refers to the individual efforts of each crew member. The Gregg Reference Manual provides excellent explanations for the subject-verb agreement (section 10: 1001).